If you're running from your past, likely you're going the opposite direction of your future.


After owning two businesses for two decades, I finally got a real job... dream job actually! Combining my passions of technology, education, and skydiving, I was hired in January 2017 by the United States Parachute Association as Director of IT. Sadly, I am no longer taking on new web programming projects, but I'm still skydiving and teaching certification courses through Xcelskydiving and of course writing! Also, I am still available for public speaking events... just email me. This blog site serves to display my numerous previously published works as well as satisfy my continued urge for sharing my insights... you know, those thoughts you have at 4 o'clock in the morning.

Procedure Versus Style

Procedure Versus Style

Procedure Versus Style

by Jen Sharp published in Parachutist Magazine July 2014

As an instructor, you’ve probably been there: The first-jump course students are still in the classroom, and it’s late afternoon already. “He loves to hear himself talk,” another instructor murmurs in your ear. “True,” you think sarcastically to yourself, “but at least he covers the information, unlike some people I know.”

Where is the balance? Is it up to individual instructors to set their own time limits for classes? What about the amount of information they should cover? What about getting the students involved? What if one instructor’s directions conflict with another’s? We all love doing things our own way, making them “ours”… but how much freedom of expression should we use?

Defining two terms—procedure and style—can help provide the answers to these questions. While procedures should be stringently consistent, individual instructors’ styles can vary widely.

A drop zone’s student program should include a written set of procedures that it communicates to the team. The team of instructors and coaches should accept these procedures, practice them consistently and review them periodically. The procedural content that needs to be uniform for all instructors and students across a particular student program includes:

  • Information: This includes information about FAA regulations, USPA materials, as well as information about industry standards and local DZ policy. In other words, all students should use the same study materials (such as skydiveschool.org, the USPA Integrated Student Program or a particular set of printed posters that display dive flows for the category jumps).
  • Safety Methods: Instructors should teach identical ways of performing emergency procedures, use the same landing patterns and landing-pattern altitudes, etc.
  • Vocabulary: To reinforce fundamental concepts, the words and phrases the staff uses to explain ideas should be positive-specific and consistent.
  • Presentation Techniques:If one instructor uses a particular method to demonstrate dive flows, all instructors should. These techniques should focus on getting the student actively involved in the learning process.
  • Performance Goals: The teaching staff should institute a consistent standard for students who wish to move on to the next level or task (e.g., requiring all students to repeat a dive flow until they can perform it without verbal cues or requiring all students to score 100 percent on a written exam).

So, does having a written set of procedures meant that we all have to be cookie-cutter images of each other? No way! For a student, part of the fun of learning is having an instructor who can make the material come alive with his personality. But how can you mix it up and interject your own style? You can:

  • Choose to use humor or decide to be a more serious presenter
  • Use creative teaching methods such as inventing mnemonics to make remembering lists easier or by adding an unexpected emergency procedure practice when the student is rehearsing another task
  • Relate to the students’ past experiences inside and outside the world of skydiving
  • Choose between having a laid-back or a more down-to-business approach
  • Decide whether to speak in a vernacular or more formal language style
  • Cultivate either a personal or more academic manner with your students

The Team
In addition to each individual looking at his own procedures and style, the team of coaches and instructors should also evaluate its consistency as a whole. Staff should answer these two important questions:

  1. How often do you review materials for the first-jump course or rating courses to compare information to the USPA Basic Safety Requirements, Skydiver’s Information Manual and Instructional Rating Manual?
    1. Umm... never?
    2. Before each course
    3. After each course
    4. After each USPA Board meeting
    5. At the beginning of the season/year

If you want to be efficient and work less, try reviewing after each course while good ideas and changes are fresh in your mind. Even if you don’t implement changes immediately, keep a record of what the team should look at later. A quick review after each board meeting and a more formal review at the beginning of the season are good, too. Just as we teach students to check their altimeters periodically, instructors should check their guideposts periodically.

  1. How consistent is the student experience at your drop zone?
    1. Our students get the same information presented in basically the same structure and are consistently asked the same questions using standard language regardless of who is teaching
    2. Depending on who teaches them, a student may experience varying amounts of information and not everyone uses the same outlines, dive flows or materials
    3. We take information from the same materials, but each instructor presents it in his own way and time frame

If you want to provide a good experience that focuses on safety, consistency is important to your students. They will know what to expect and will see your team as professional. In response, they will give their best in return.

Consistent results require consistent procedures: this means the same information, the same safety methods, the same vocabulary, the same presentation methods and the same expectations of performance. Style is the icing on the cake!

Documents to download

  • 1 July 2014
  • Number of views: 401
  • Comments: 0
Rate this article:
No rating

Leave a comment

Add comment


Rule Number One: Be Lazy

My new job has me with set office hours, so even though I'm sure I'm still getting some exercise, I have struggled with feeling more sedentary. But how do I ride this change without ill side effects?

I bought a treadmill desk.

  • 5 June 2017
  • Number of views: 855
  • Comments: 0
Risk Management vs. Risk Assessment

A skydiving student of mine remarked to me recently, “My non-skydiving friends just don’t understand why I skydive.  They don’t take chances with their lives.”  I replied, “That’s not true.  Do they ever drive on a two lane highway? When another car comes from the other direction, there’s a closing speed of 120 mph, same as our closing speed to the ground when we are in freefall, yet at a distance of only a few feet.  The difference is, I can see this huge planet Earth coming at me 10,000 feet away, but I can avoid hitting it at deadly speed simply by pulling a little handle.  On the highway, you never know what that guy in the other lane will do at the last second. He could be messing with his cell phone or under the influence… or eating his sandwich or texting grandma.”

What are the risks we accept unaware, without thinking? 

  • 19 March 2017
  • Number of views: 1316
  • Comments: 0
The only thing that stays the same is that things change...

After being DZO of Skydive Kansas for 21 years, I accepted a full time position at USPA as Director of IT. I'm still traveling to teach courses as an eXaminer with Xcelskydiving. But I have never believed in spreading thin or watering down. After much contemplation, I made the bittersweet decision to close my dropzone. In an email to regular jumpers, I explain by starting with:

The only thing that stays the same is that things change.

  • 11 March 2017
  • Number of views: 1696
  • Comments: 0
Programming Projects

Here's a collection of some of my best projects I developed throughout my work as JenSharp.com, web programmer. They included e-commerce, e-learning, data management systems, and high functioning websites.

  • 3 March 2017
  • Number of views: 1371
  • Comments: 0
The Kansas Lifeline Magazine

Here are some articles I've written for Kansas Rural Water Association over the years.

  • 3 March 2017
  • Number of views: 1282
  • Comments: 0
The Dunning-Kruger Effect

In the third century BC, Aristotle penned the timeless words, “The more I know, the more I know I don’t know.” Since then, countless people in numerous time periods have restated this realization using various wording. Aristotle’s statement and the others like it are the hallmark of those who are recovering casualties of the Dunning-Kruger Effect, a phenomenon explored in a series of experiments by David Dunning and Justin Kruger at the Cornell University Department of Psychology in 1999. These experiments—reportedly inspired by a bank robber who knew that lemon juice could be used as invisible ink and covered his face in it thinking it would render him invisible—set out to test a human psychological trait many before have witnessed: People with below average skill or knowledge tend to grossly overestimate their own abilities.

  • 1 July 2015
  • Number of views: 1639
  • Comments: 0
Using Cue Words for Efficient Practice

In a coach certification course, a particularly verbose candidate felt compelled to spill his brains at every turn during a mock ground-prep session. A real student would have been overloaded with all the explanations and details and then simply tuned him out. How could I get this candidate to see how ineffective his words were? I made him a bet. I stopped the guided practice, stepped in as coach and asked the talkative candidate to count the number of words I said as I performed the mock ground prep. I guaranteed I would say fewer than 50 words. Naturally, he agreed to such a sure bet.

  • 1 November 2014
  • Number of views: 1181
  • Comments: 0